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Adenoid is a cluster of spongy lymphoid tissue located between the nose and throat, just behind the nasal cavity, on the roof of the mouth and in the area called the nasal cavity (nasopharynx).

The adenoid produces antibodies that are necessary to clear bacteria and viruses from the nasal air, prevents viruses and bacteria that are harmful to the body, acts as an early warning system for the immune system and, as a natural consequence, protects babies and children from diseases.


Adenoids work together with tonsils and tonsil tissue to form a protective lymph ring against viruses, bacteria and toxins that try to enter the body through respiration and digestion.

The immune system develops different defense mechanisms to protect itself in parallel with the development of the child. For this reason, the adenoid, which has a weaker defense and sensitive structure, usually starts to shrink after the age of 5 and disappears completely in later ages.

Adenoid, which is an important defense system that protects the body and the immune system against viruses, bacteria and toxins in the inhaled air, can grow or become inflamed more than usual due to genetic and allergic reasons. When the adenoid reaches abnormal dimensions and tissue increase occurs, it is called adenoid hypertrophy (adenoid hypertrophy / adenoid vegetation). Adenoid hypertrophy and infection begins to occur in infants after 6 months of age and affects children between 2 and 8 years of age. Adenoid infection turns the adenoid, which is actually a defense system, into a potential disease agent with the bacteria and viruses it harbors.

What are the Symptoms of Adenoid?

In some children, adenoids are large from birth. In children with normal-sized adenoids, this growth can be caused by allergic reactions, chronic infections, rare cancerous tumors, excessively polluted air or constant inhalation of cigarette smoke. Adenoid enlargement can manifest itself with some symptoms:

  • Nasal congestion, difficulty breathing through the nose and breathing through the mouth, wheezing,
  • Nasal speech with a feeling of nasal congestion,
  • Sore throat and difficulty swallowing, runny nose,
  • Sleep disorders, breath holding during sleep (sleep apnea), snoring, insomnia and fatigue,
  • Formation of glands and fatty tumors in the neck area,
  • Sinusitis, ear infections, eardrum problems, hearing problems,
  • Loss of appetite, growth retardation, impaired development of facial bones.

How is adenoid treatment?

In order to diagnose adenoid enlargement, physiological examination of the ear, nose and throat region is performed. Radiographic or endoscopic monitoring can also be performed when deemed necessary.

After the diagnosis and diagnosis of adenoid enlargement or infection, the first form of treatment is medical treatment with medication. Antibiotics, antihistamines, decongestants, painkillers and nasal sprays are used to suppress inflammation and provide healing. However, this treatment method should not be prolonged and should not be insisted on in order to avoid the side effects of the drugs used.

If medical treatment fails to produce results and problems persist, surgery is decided as adenoid begins to pose a threat to the immune system.

In which cases is adenoid surgery decided?

If adenoid problems such as recurrent or persistent growth and / or inflammation are experienced and no results are obtained with medical treatment, it is decided to perform adenoid surgery (edonoidectomy). Since there are other tissues and structures in the immune system that fulfill the function of the adenoid, removal of the adenoid does not collapse the immune system. However, if left untreated, adenoids will pose a threat as a major source of disease.

Surgical intervention should be performed without wasting time, especially in cases such as difficulty breathing, recurrent adenoid infections that do not respond to medication, sleep apnea, speech disorder, heart failure, developmental disorders in the teeth and jaw area, and tumor diagnosis.

How is adenoid surgery performed?

Adenoid surgery is a small-scale operation performed under anesthesia. The adenoid is removed using the inner area of the mouth without any external incision. The patient is kept under observation for a few hours after the operation and discharged. In case of excessive bleeding or breathing difficulties, supportive intervention can be performed. There is a possibility that the adenoid may regenerate itself and grow again. In case of recurrence of the disease, the treatment method is applied from the beginning.

In the days following the operation day, foods with low acidity and spices can be eaten easily, provided that they are not extremely hot or cold. Children should be kept away from crowded environments such as school, kindergarten, cinema, theater and active activities that require effort. In addition, excessively hot baths should be avoided for 1-2 weeks.

What are the Harms of Adenoid?

Adenoid problems cause many different problems and diseases in the short and long term:

  • Chronic sinusitis, ear infections, eardrum problems, hearing problems,
  • Distortions in the anatomical structure of the nose,
  • Sleep disorders and breath holding during sleep (sleep apnea),
  • Developmental and growth retardation,
  • Disordered development of facial bones,
  • Structural disorders in the oral and dental region,
  • Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD),
  • Introversion and problems with adaptation to school and the environment are the most common problems.

How Many Minutes Does Adenoid Surgery Take?

Although adenoid surgery varies according to the condition of each patient and the problem, it usually takes about half an hour. However, this time will increase if different areas such as sinuses, tonsils and ears are intervened with adenoid surgery.

A mild sore throat is experienced for a few hours after the surgery. After 1-2 days of light dieting, recovery and return to normal life is achieved after about a week.

Are There Risks of Adenoid Surgery?

Adenoid surgery is mostly safe and postoperative complications are limited in healthy individuals. However, the possible side effects and risks of the operation are as follows:

The risk of infection, which can occur in all surgical interventions, also applies to adenoid surgery. The same applies to the risk of anesthesia,

  • Infection and bleeding,
  • High fever and sore throat,
  • Swallowing and swallowing problems,
  • Nausea and vomiting,
  • Ear pain,
  • Severe bad breath.

If you are experiencing nasal congestion, difficulty breathing, wheezing, nasal speech, constant runny nose, difficulty swallowing, sleep apnea and snoring problems in your child, you can contact us using our contact information.

Adenoid Information About

1 Seans
How Many Sessions Are Performed 1 Seans
20 Minutes
Processing Time 20 Minutes
10 Days Later
When to Return to Work 10 Days Later
General Anesthesia
Anesthesia General Anesthesia
Everyone's body structure is different. Therefore, everyone's treatment process, planning and results also differ. The information given about the procedure is average values. Please contact us for detailed information. communication get along.

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Comments from our patientsComments from our patients

Melisa Aktürk

In my first meeting with Mr. Elad, I trusted him immediately. He is both a warm-blooded, friendly doctor and explains everything in detail and honestly. I am in the 1st month of my surgery. I had a bruise-free, painless process. I also already love the shape of my nose :) If you want a natural nose that is compatible with your face, Mr. Elad is the right choice. His team and himself are very interested. They do not think that the surgery is over. I can recommend my doctor with peace of mind. I thank him and his team endlessly.

Elif Demirtaş Kanburoğlu

When you go to him for the first interview, you will already take the day for surgery and leave :) a doctor who is so sweet and explains everything to the finest detail. I saw 1 bad comment, I think anyone who knows the deliberate Elad knows that he will not treat the patient with such a style.

Burcu Çebi

You can be sure that he will be one of the sweetest, most caring, smiling doctors you will ever see! He is a tremendous person with his beautiful work and posture. I am in the 5th month of my surgery and I am very happy that I chose him. Good thing you are Mr. Elad :) I have no doubt that you will sign many more beautiful works. And you, dear friends who want to see a procedure, research and read this comment, you will be happy if you choose Elad Bey

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